Pupils Society


What are the dangers of anxiety for children?

Anxiety is a broad concept that encompasses a variety of emotional and psychological dysfunctions in a child. The causes of anxiety are varied: it may be a relationship with a teacher and classmates, low self-esteem and lack of confidence in their knowledge, a stressful situation at a test and fear of answering verbally - each of these causes can cause or exacerbate anxiety in a child.

It has long been established that the development of many somatic diseases is triggered by an uncomfortable emotional state, especially one that lasts for a long period of time. Therefore, anxiety is dangerous to the health of school children. We should not forget the likely psychological problems caused by constant or intermittent anxiety. This can be neurotic disorders, the development of depression. The motive of activity of the schoolboy in this case becomes not the desire to achieve success, a positive result, interest in the content of the subject, but the desire to avoid blunders, failures.

Socially, a high level of anxiety does not allow the child to adequately assess himself or herself, to communicate as equals with his or her peers and classmates. Often such children have no friends and are uncommunicative.

Thus, anxiety negatively affects all spheres of life of a child, so a teacher should try not only with his/her style of teaching not to cause the development of anxiety in children, but also learn to help his/her students to overcome it, to get rid of it.

Why does anxiety arise or intensify in the classroom?
Psychologists believe that the following factors are among the reasons that stimulate the development of anxiety in children during lessons.

  • Educational requirements that do not match the abilities and intellectual capacity of the child.

  • Somatic diseases, psychological disorders, unstable emotional background in the family.

  • Authoritarianism of the teacher in communication with children. Disregard on the part of the teacher for the individual, personal characteristics of children.

  • Inconsistency in the requirements: the teacher is not consistent in his prohibitions, requirements.

  • Inconsistency in assessment of activities, methods of learning between parents (within the family amongthemselves, other family members) and teachers.

  • Indifferent attitude towards the child or insecurity on the part of the teacher.

  • Change of class or school. This does not necessarily apply only to younger pupils. It is not uncommon for high school students to have similar reactions.

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